1. They are either openly Pentecostal/charismatic in expression, or they are made up of people who possess those convictions
2. All are doctrinally conservative.
3. Many of them also have as their memberships a large number of former Pentecostals and Evangelicals, or they have disaffected Roman Catholic or Episcopalian charismatics in their leadership who felt more spiritually at liberty to practice their convictions as an independent communion.
That being said, again there are some groups we are leaving out. For one, the Mar Thoma Orthodox Church, as led by Veron Ashe (Mar Enoch). Although Ashe is a former Pentecostal, and even after becoming an independent Orthodox he was welcomed for a short time on TBN and other mainstream Evangelical venues, Ashe is also affiliated with a New Ager, Joseph Narsai (Vreneburg) of the Federation of Saint Thomas Christians, which mixes Eastern Orthodox and Hindu/New Age mysticism. Again too, we also are omitting the Convergence groups such as the Charismatic Episcopal Church, because they are a communion of over 100,000 now and thus do not qualify as a "Highways and Hedges" church. Reiterating those points, we are now ready to proceed.
1. The Church of the East Tradition and Bishop John Marion Stanley
The first subset of communions we want to examine are those which come from the legacy of Bishop John Marion Stanley (1923-living), a former priest in a small Anglican communion called the Free Protestant Episcopal Church who was also a full participant in the Charismatic Renewal of the 1960's and 1970's, which is reflected in the church he founded in 1959 in Washington State, the Orthodox Church of the East. According to Karl Pruter's Old Catholic Sourcebook (New York: Garland, 1983), Stanley was consecrated a bishop by Charles Dennis Boltwood (1889-1985) of the Free Protestant Episcopal Church (Pruter, 82). Stanley took the episcopal name of Mar Yokhannan, and his church was described as being a benefactor of the legacy of the Assyrian Church of the East with a charismatic emphasis, as many of its members did believe and practice such charismatic phenomena as glossolalia and divine healing. It is not known how many congregations of this group are left, but an active community still exists on Vashon Island, WA, today. Stanley is still living as well, although in declining health and advanced age.